Snooping on government snoopers

Hackers decide to turn their gaze on government. The Caravan

Participants at the Delhi edition of the Cryptoparty.
SATYAKAM GOSWAMI SAT IN A CONFERENCE HALL?in the Institute of Informatics & Communication in Delhi University?s South Campus, furiously typing code into his laptop. He typed the string ?/var/log/tor#?, into a Linux terminal, then turned to me and said, ?I am one step away, man.? It was around midnight on a muggy July Saturday, and Goswami had been here for six hours. He resumed typing?and cursing under his breath in Telugu as he realised that the online instructions he was following weren?t helping.
Around him, the room bustled with the activity of around 25 other people, all participants at a Cryptoparty, a cryptography event at which programmers and non-programmers meet to share information and expertise on tools that can help thwart government spying.
Goswami was one of the organisers of the event, which was led by Bernadette L?ngle, a German ?hacktivist? who is a member of? the Chaos Computer Club (CCC), Europe?s largest association of hackers. L?ngle was one of the organisers of the CCC?s Chaos Communication Congress in 2012, an international hackers? meet held in Hamburg that year. While processing participant applications for the Congress, she came across a group that wanted to organise what they called a ?Cryptoparty? at the meet. ?I thought Cryptoparty would be a bunch of guys coming together, learning crypto and having a party,? she told me. Only at the event did she realise that Cryptoparties are rather more political affairs, at which participants experiment with ways of combating governmental intrusions into privacy and freedom.
After she graduated, L?ngle decided she wanted to travel. ?I hadn?t been to America or Asia, and I don?t think I want to enter America,? she said. ?I thought India might be a good point to start.? While she was exploring her options, she met Goswami online. ?I first met Bernadette on an IRC channel, ?hasgeek?, where she expressed her interest to come to India,? Goswami said. ?I suggested that she write a proposal to CIS [the Centre for Internet and Society, in Bangalore].? L?ngle applied, and was accepted to work with the organisation for six months.
When L?ngle was teaching a one-week course on email cryptography at a CIS event, a participant suggested to her that she organise a Cryptoparty in the city. ?I thought I was travelling anyway, and I can make a Cryptoparty everywhere I go,? L?ngle said. This led to the Bangalore Cryptoparty on 30 June, followed by the Delhi edition on 6 July. L?ngle then held a Cryptoparty in Dharamsala in the second week of July, and plans to hold another in Mumbai in October. At each of these, she gave tutorials on specific aspects of cryptography, such as the Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) encryption and decryption program, which Edward Snowden used to communicate with?The Guardian?s Glenn Greenwald during their now-famous collaboration. Participants would then experiment with these tools, sending emails and messages to each other using secure channels. The Delhi edition, which saw around 70 participants, continued late into the night, with the last exhausted stragglers shutting off their gadgets and heading home at 4 am.
I met L?ngle again the day after the Delhi event; with her was Pranesh Prakash, policy director at CIS, who is a commentator on issues related to surveillance and privacy. Both agreed that the Indian government?s Central Monitoring System programme, as well as Edward Snowden?s recent leaks, had resulted in a greater interest in cryptography in the country in recent months. ?Without the PRISM stuff, there wouldn?t have been so many people attending,? L?ngle said. ?People are concerned about that.? Prakash believes that the NSA leaks have served as a loud wake-up call about a longstanding state of affairs. ?It?s this I-told-you-so moment for lots of people right now,? he said. ?This isn?t the first time there have been revelations about the NSA spying beyond their authority. These revelations have been happening at least since 2006.?
Rahul M?is the photo coordinator at?The Caravan.

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Author: Shahidul Alam

Time Magazine Person of the Year 2018. A photographer, writer, curator and activist, Shahidul Alam obtained a PhD in chemistry before switching to photography. His seminal work “The Struggle for Democracy” contributed to the removal of General Ershad. Former president of the Bangladesh Photographic Society, Alam set up the Drik agency, Chobi Mela festival and Pathshala, South Asian Media Institute, considered one of the finest schools of photography in the world. Shown in MOMA New York, Centre Georges Pompidou, Royal Albert Hall and Tate Modern, Alam has been guest curator of Whitechapel Gallery, Winterthur Gallery and Musee de Quai Branly. His awards include Mother Jones, Shilpakala Award and Lifetime Achievement Award at the Dali International Festival of Photography. Speaker at Harvard, Stanford, UCLA, Oxford and Cambridge universities, TEDx, POPTech and National Geographic, Alam chaired the international jury of the prestigious World Press Photo contest. Honorary Fellow of Royal Photographic Society, Alam is visiting professor of Sunderland University in UK and advisory board member of National Geographic Society. John Morris, the former picture editor of Life Magazine describes his book “My journey as a witness”, (listed in “Best Photo Books of 2011” by American Photo), as “The most important book ever written by a photographer.”

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